Supported Formats & Glossary

Niagara Region supports the following formats to release our data in. Not all data is available in every format offered.

FormatDescription
CSV Comma-separated Values - A CSV file stores tabular data (numbers and text) in plain-text form. Plain text means that the file is a sequence of characters, with no data that has to be interpreted instead, as binary numbers.

More information: Wikipedia's CSV article »
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group - JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital photography. The degree of compression can be adjusted, allowing a selectable tradeoff between storage size and image quality.

More information: Wikipedia's JPEG article »
JSON JavaScript Object Notation - JSON files are a text-based open standard designed for human-readable data interchange. It is derived from the JavaScript scripting language for representing simple data structures and associative arrays, called objects.

More information: Wikipedia's JSON article »
KML Keyhole Markup Language - KML files ae an XML-based language developed by Keyhole Inc. and subsequently acquired by Google to display data in Google Maps, Google Earth and similar applications. KML is an Open Geospatial Consortium standard.

More informations: Wikipedia's KML article »
SHP Shapefile - Shapefiles are an ESRI standard, spatially describe geometries: points, polylines, and polygons. These, for example, could represent water wells, rivers, and lakes, respectively.

When downloaded, the files relating to a specific shapefile will be contained in a .zip file.

More information: Wikipedia's SHP Article »
TXT Text file (or flatfile) - Text files are a kind of computer file that is structured as a sequence of lines of electronic text.

More information: Wikipedia's TXT article »
XLS Spreadsheet Format - A basic text format that can be opened by many spreadsheet applications such as Microsoft Excel, Apple's Numbers or Open Office.

More information: Wikipedia's Excel and XLS format article »
XML Extensible Markup Language - A spreadsheet file typically made in excel, that supplies specific tags in a machine-readable form.

More information: Wikipedia's XML Article »

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